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3rd International Conference on Power and Energy Engineering, will be organized around the theme ““Communicating the Energy and Power Revolution, Preparing to Meet the Challenges of the Future and Delivering Energy Services around the World””

Power Engineering 2018 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Power Engineering 2018

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  Power Engineering is a branch of Electrical Engineering. It deals with the generation, transmission and distribution of electrical devices and electric power connected to such systems including generators, motors, and transformers. It also teaches the principles and practical aspects of converting electrical power from one form to another. Power Engineering also teaches us how power electronics system and renewable energy resources will improve and transform electric power systems. Feeding the power generated at different locations over long distances into power systems often calls for optimized power transmission and distribution solutions. Despite the challenges it poses, however, interconnecting of different regions, countries or even continents remain a viable option for providing these areas with economical access to power. As a solution provider with extensive experience in every aspect of power transmission and distribution, Siemens has already implemented a large number of projects linking power systems or connecting decentralized generating units to the grid. In each case, conditions were unique.

  • Track 1-1Positive Electricity Manipulation
  • Track 1-2Thermodynamics
  • Track 1-3Electrical Machines
  • Track 1-4Plant Automation and Optimization
  • Track 1-5Onsite Renewables
  • Track 1-6Onsite Power
  • Track 1-7Cooling Water Technologies
  • Track 1-8Plant Operations & Maintenance
  • Track 1-9Plant Construction and Supply Chain Management

  The development of the modern day electrical energy system took a few centuries. Modern electric power systems have three separate components - generation, transmission and distribution. Electric power is generated at the power generating stations by synchronous alternators that are usually driven either by steam or hydro turbines. Maximum power generation takes place at generating stations that might contain more than one alternator-turbine combination. Depending on the type of fuel used, the generating stations are categorized as hydro, thermal, nuclear etc. Most of these generating stations are remotely located. And that’s why the electric power generated at any station must be transmitted over a lengthy distance to load centres that are usually towns or cities. This is called the power transmission. Now days, power transmission towers and transmission lines are very common sights in rural areas.

  • Track 2-1Power System Management Technologies
  • Track 2-2Power System Planning and Operation
  • Track 2-3Load Modeling, Estimation and Forecast
  • Track 2-4Power System Analysis and Optimization
  • Track 2-5Modeling and Simulation of Large Power Systems
  • Track 2-6Control Strategies for Modern Power System Stability
  • Track 2-7Online Monitoring and Fault Diagnosis System
  • Track 2-8Power System Monitoring and Mitigation Technologies
  • Track 2-9Integrated Substation Automation Technologies
  • Track 2-10Power System Protection

  Electricity is generated at power plants. It moves through a complex system, called the grid, of electricity substations, transformers, and power lines that connect electricity producers and consumers. Most of the local grids are interconnected for reliability and commercial purposes, forming larger, more dependable networks that enhance the coordination and planning of electricity supply. Generation, delivery and utilization of electric energy and power is still one of the most exciting and challenging fields of electrical engineering. Amazing technological developments of our age are highly dependent upon a reliable, safe and economic supply of electrical energy. Power is passed over a transmission network of high voltage lines. Generally, these lines run into hundreds of kilometres and deliver the power into a common power pool called the grid. Grid is connected to load centres over a sub-transmission network lines. 

  • Track 3-1Ultra High Voltage (UHV) Technologies
  • Track 3-2HVDC and Flexible AC Transmission System
  • Track 3-3Over-voltage, Lightning Protection and Grounding
  • Track 3-4Electromagnetic Transient in High Voltage Power Systems
  • Track 3-5Insulation Condition Monitoring in Power Systems
  • Track 3-6Advanced Distribution and SCADA Technologies
  • Track 3-7Electromagnetic Compatibility in Power Systems
  • Track 3-8Plasma Physics and the Pulsed Power Technology
  • Track 3-9Electromagnetic Analysis in Power Systems

  Power Electronics is the art of changing electrical energy from one form to another in a clean, efficient, robust and compact manner for convenient utilisation. In a modern building, passenger lift equipped with a Variable-Voltage-Variable-Speed induction-machine drive that offers a comfortable ride and stops exactly at the floor level. With reduced stresses on the motor, it consumes less power and corruption of the utility mains. In mobile sets power management IC's working on Power Electronic principles, meant to handle limited milliwatts, large linear audio amplifiers are rated at a few thousand watts. Often Power electronic converters operate from the utility mains are exposed to the disturbances associated with it. The transients associated with switching circuits and faults that occur at the load point stress devices and converters. Consequently, several protection schemes must be incorporated in a converter. It is essential to protect both the control terminals and the main terminals. Power semiconductor devices are usually protected against voltage spike or over-voltage, over-current, gate-under voltage, over voltage at gate, excessive temperature rise, electro-static discharge. 

  • Track 4-1Power Electronic Converter Topologies, Design and Control
  • Track 4-2Electronic Machines and Actuators
  • Track 4-3Mechatronics
  • Track 4-4Active Filtering and Unity Power Factor Correction
  • Track 4-5Power Electronics Devices
  • Track 4-6Robotics
  • Track 4-7Power Electronics in Aerospace and Space Applications

In economic terms, electricity is a product which is capable of being sold, bought and traded. An electricity market is a system enabling through bids to buy, through offers to sell, purchases, sales, and short-term trades, generally in the form of financial or obligation swaps. Offers and offers utilize free market activity standards to set the cost. Long haul exchanges are contracts like power buy understandings and for the most part viewed as private bi-parallel exchanges between counterparties. Discount dealings in power are normally settled and cleared by the market administrator or an exceptional reason autonomous element accused solely of that capacity. Market administrators don't clear exchanges yet regularly require learning of the exchange to keep up era and load adjust. The wares inside an electric market by and large comprise of two types: power and vitality. Power is the metered net electrical swapping scale at any given moment and is measured in megawatts. Vitality is power that moves through a metered point for a given period and is measured in megawatt-hours. Furthermore, for most real administrators, there are markets for transmission blockage and power subordinates, for example, power prospects and alternatives, which are effectively exchanged. These business sectors created because of the rebuilding of electric power frameworks around the globe. This procedure has regularly gone ahead in parallel with the rebuilding of gaseous petrol markets.

  • Track 5-1Market Power and Market Strategies
  • Track 5-2Agent-Based Simulation of Energy Markets
  • Track 5-3Green Certificate Markets
  • Track 5-4Incentives to Investment in Renewable Energies and Distributed Generation
  • Track 5-5Impact of Renewable and Distributed Generation on Networks
  • Track 5-6Innovative Power Generation
  • Track 5-7Impact of New Technologies on the Electricity Market
  • Track 5-8Market Enabling and Enhancing Technologies
  • Track 5-9Regulation of Transmission and Distribution Systems
  • Track 5-10Econometric Models Applied to Energy and Carbon Markets

  A battery can change chemical energy into electricity by putting certain chemicals in contact with each other in a specific way. Electrons, which are minor parts of an atoms will travel from one kind of chemical to another under the correct circumstances. At the point when electrons stream, this generates an electrical current that can power something. The function of a battery is to put the right chemicals in the right relationships, and then it puts a wall between them. When the two sides of a battery are linked by a wire or another conductor then the electrons starts to flow. Batteries come in numerous styles. We are perhaps most familiar with single-use alkaline batteries. NASA spacecraft generally use rechargeable nickel-hydride or nickel-cadmium batteries like those found in cellular phones or laptop computers. DS1 uses nickel-hydrogen batteries. Engineers think of batteries as a place to store electricity in a chemical form. Batteries tend to expend their charge very quickly. DS1 can last from half an hour to three hours running purely on battery power before the batteries need to be recharged from the solar panels. These batteries are revived a huge number of times over the life of the shuttle.

  • Track 6-1Lithium Ion Cells: Materials and Improvements on Properties
  • Track 6-2Battery Systems
  • Track 6-3Automotive and Mobile Applications
  • Track 6-4Stationary Battery Systems
  • Track 6-5Stationary Battery Systems
  • Track 6-6Next Generation of Voltage Based Battery Fuel Gauges
  • Track 6-7Degradation Mechanisms in Pristine Li-Ion Batteries During Cell Storage
  • Track 6-8New Battery Technologies
  • Track 6-9Li-ion Battery Applications of Moderate Size and Power

  The atoms of the two gasses oxygen and hydrogen are put next to one another, they spontaneously combine to form water. This combination results in the release of a huge amount of energy and lets an electron to lose. In a fuel cell, the oxygen and hydrogen are separated by a membrane. The membrane captures the free electrons during the chemical reaction that forms water, which in turn powers anything hooked up to the fuel cell. It too releases little heat. Fuel cells are a remarkable power source. They store energy in two naturally occurring elements i.e., oxygen and hydrogen, and form a single waste product i.e., pure water. Refuelling a fuel cell means providing more hydrogen and oxygen. By the help of an external source of electricity for example a solar panel, one can split the waste water return it into its component parts and use it another time as fuel. Fuel cells have been in use in the space program for a long time. Fuel cells works like a battery, but they do not need electrical recharging. Once those chemicals expire, the battery dies. On the other hand, a fuel cell receives the chemicals, it uses from the outside; so that, it won’t run out. Fuel cells can generate power almost indefinitely, if they have fuel to use. Each fuel cell has two electrodes, one negative, called the cathode, and one positive, called the anode. These are detached by an electrolyte barrier. Oxygen goes to the cathode side, while Fuel goes to the anode side. When both chemicals hit the electrolyte fence, they react, torn apart their electrons, and produce an electric current.

  • Track 7-1Fuel Cell Systems and Applications
  • Track 7-2Components and Supplying Technology
  • Track 7-3Fuel Cell and Battery Testing
  • Track 7-4Alkali fuel cells
  • Track 7-5Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells (MCFC)
  • Track 7-6 Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cells (PAFC)
  • Track 7-7Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC)
  • Track 7-8Development of Fuel Cells

  Smart grid technology is a collection of existing and emerging technologies. These technologies will increase efficiency in production, transport and consumption, improve reliability and economic operation, integrate renewable power into the grid, and increase economic efficiency through electricity markets and consumer participation when properly implemented. Maximum progressive smart grid technologies are in electrical transmission. Flexible Alternating Current Transmission Systems devices allow current transmission lines to distribute maximum power and helps to stabilize the grid with precise power control. High-voltage DC technology can deliver long-distance power with little losses on under water and land, and connect asynchronous grids. Wide area monitoring systems track critical system parameters so that it can prevent development of dangerous instability in the network. Managerial control and data acquisition systems analyse real-time grid conditions that providing data for fast power adjustments. The biggest changes are in the distribution network and for end users, especially commercial and residential users.

  • Track 8-1Power Electronics System Simulation and Modeling
  • Track 8-2Information and Smart Meter Reading System
  • Track 8-3Smart Grid Networking
  • Track 8-4Smart Grid Demand Response
  • Track 8-5Intelligent Substation, Distribution and Dispatching
  • Track 8-6Integrated Communication Technology
  • Track 8-7Improved Interface and Decision Technology
  • Track 8-8Communication Infrastructure
  • Track 8-9Version of Smart and Intelligent Grid
  • Track 8-10Smart Appliances and Consumer Devices
  • Track 8-11Dynamic Optimization and Control
  • Track 8-12Impact of Smart Grids in Pricing

  Alternative energy is an energy source that is an alternative to fossil fuel. All these alternatives are intended to address concerns about such fossil fuels, such as its high carbon dioxide emissions, an important factor in global warming. Hydroelectric, marine energy, wind, solar power and geothermal are the alternative sources of energy. The nature of the constitutes of an alternative energy source has changed significantly over time, as have arguments regarding energy use. The best unreasonable of these sponsorships are pointed at finding new saves of coal, oil and gas, even though it is usually understood that these must be left in the ground if we are to avoid catastrophic irreversible climate change. Alternative energy does have some setbacks when depending on them totally. Spikes in electricity bills happened in Southern Australia when wind was not driving the turbines responsible for a huge portion of the counties power. This led to the government to reintegrate a gas-powered station which will supply the power while the wind turbines were powerless. Solar panels are the representation of the 'green power' movement, however the process of manufacturing the silica based panels can be detrimental to the environment. Raw silica is used to create solar cells that must be mined while using harsh chemicals that harm the surrounding environment, as well as those who are working in the mines. 

  • Track 9-1Smart Electric Power Alliance (SEPA)
  • Track 9-2Intersolar
  • Track 9-3Hybrid Energy Systems
  • Track 9-4Hydroelectric Energy
  • Track 9-5Geothermal Energy
  • Track 9-6Tidal Power
  • Track 9-7Ocean Energy
  • Track 9-8Wave Energy

  Basically, energy storage systems are configured in one of two ways: a power configuration or an energy configuration, depending on their intended application. In a power configuration, the batteries are used to inject a large amount of power into the grid in a relatively short period of time, which requires a high inverter-to-battery ratio. A typical application would be to simulate a turbine ramp up for frequency regulation, spinning reserve, or black start capacity. For an extended amount of time, the batteries are used to inject a steady amount of power into the grid. This application has a low inverter-to-battery ratio and would typically be used for addressing issues in which power demand changes are occurring over a period as long as several hours, or shifting curtailed PV production to later in the day. This is accomplished by adjusting the ratio of inverters to batteries in the system. 

  • Track 10-1Electrochemical Energy Storage
  • Track 10-2Mechanical Energy Storage Systems
  • Track 10-3Thermal Energy Storage Systems
  • Track 10-4Pumped Storage Hydro
  • Track 10-5Compressed Air
  • Track 10-6Flywheel Energy Storage
  • Track 10-7Integrated Energy Systems
  • Track 10-8Commercial Applications of Energy Storage

Sustainable energy technologies produce Renewable, clean energy from sources such as the sun, the wind, plants, and water. According to the Energy Information Administration, in 2007, renewable sources of energy accounted for about 7% of total energy consumption and 9.4% of total electricity generation in the United States. Sustainable energy technologies have the potential to strengthen the whole nation's energy security, improve environmental quality, and contribute to a strong energy economy. Sustainable technologies permit us to generate electricity, cool and heat our buildings and to travel by sea, land and potentially also by air without producing dangerous greenhouse gases and other forms of pollution.

  • Track 11-1Sustainable Infrastructure and Transportation
  • Track 11-2Industrial Waste Treatment
  • Track 11-3Sustainable Graphic Design
  • Track 11-4LEED / Green Building
  • Track 11-5Alternative Energy
  • Track 11-6Transportation Electrification
  • Track 11-7Sustainable Electronics
  • Track 11-8Environmental, Economic and Policy Considerations of Advanced Energy Systems
  • Track 11-9Sustainable Building Energy Systems
  • Track 11-10Energy Water Sustainability

  Solar energy is the most promptly available source of energy. Solar energy is a thermal energy. It does not belong to anyone and is completely free. It is also one of the most important non-conventional sources of energy because it is non-polluting and helps in reducing the greenhouse effect. When we hang out our clothes to dry in the sun, there we use the energy of the sun. Similarly, solar panels absorb the energy of the sun to provide heat for heating water and for cooking. Such systems are available in the market and they are being used in factories and homes. Solar energy can also be used to meet our electricity necessities. Through in Solar Photovoltaic cells, solar radiation gets converted into DC electricity directly. This electricity can either be stored in the battery or can be used as it is. Solar Photovoltaic cells can be used for many applications such as:

a.       domestic lighting

b.       street lighting

c.       water pumping

d.       desalination of salty water

e.       powering of remote telecommunication repeater stations

This energy is used mainly for Drying/Timber seasoning, Cooking/Heating, Cooling, Distillation, Electricity/Power generation, Cold storage, Refrigeration. These are some of the gadgets and other devices that we can use as a solar device are Solar cooker, concentrating collectors, Flat plate solar cookers, Solar hot water systems, Solar pond, Solar hot air systems, solar stills, Solar Dryers, Solar photovoltaic systems, Solar timber kilns, Power Tower, Solar collectors, Solar pond, Air conditioning, coupled to absorption, Concentrating collectors,  Refrigeration systems. If the means to make efficient use of solar energy could be found, it would reduce our dependence on non-renewable sources of energy and make our environment cleaner.

  • Track 12-1Solar Photovoltaics
  • Track 12-2Solar Heating and Cooling
  • Track 12-3Solar Electric
  • Track 12-4Solar Panel
  • Track 12-5Solar Tracking
  • Track 12-6 Solar Battery Storage
  • Track 12-7 Solar Tower Technology
  • Track 12-8Flexible Photovoltaic Technology

  Wind energy is one kind of solar energy which defines the process by which wind is used to generate electricity. Wind turbines change the kinetic energy into mechanical energy. Generator can convert mechanical energy into electricity. Wind energy is a clean fuel source and doesn't pollute the air like power plants that depends on combustion of fossil fuels, such as natural gas or coal. Wind turbines do not damage the atmosphere that increase health problems like asthma or create greenhouse gases or acid rain. Batteries can store electricity which is generated by wind turbines and these can be used in future when there is no wind. In this situation, energy produced is converted into compressed air. This is generally stored in underground caverns or in large above-ground tanks. One single wind turbine can be enough to generate energy for a household. As wind is the source of energy that is renewable and non-polluting, wind turbines generate energy but it does not use fossil fuels as well as without producing radioactive or toxic waste or greenhouse gases. Taking the figures from the Global Wind Energy Council, we have formed the following list of eight countries that generate the most wind energy in the world.
1. France. Cumulative installed wind power capacity: 10,358 megawatts.
2. Canada.
3. United Kingdom.
4. Spain.

  • Track 13-1Wind Energy Integration
  • Track 13-2Wind Turbine Aero Dynamic Noise & Control
  • Track 13-3Wind Turbine Grid Integration
  • Track 13-4Wind Turbine Technology
  • Track 13-5Future Wind Power Market
  • Track 13-6Offshore Deployment and Operation
  • Track 13-7Wind Conditions
  • Track 13-8Impact of Wind Energy on Environment
  • Track 13-9Wind Turbine Technology
  • Track 13-10Wind Turbine Impacts

  Biomass is a renewable energy source derived from the carbonaceous waste of numerous natural and human activities. It is derived from various sources, including the by-products from the timber industry, raw material from the forest, agricultural crops, wood and major parts of household waste. Biomass does not increase carbon dioxide to the atmosphere as it absorbs the carbon in growing as it releases when consumed as a fuel. Its advantage is that it can be used to generate electricity with the same equipment or power plants that are now burning fossil fuels. Biomass is very much important source of energy and the most important fuel worldwide after oil, coal and natural gas. As a substitution of consuming the free biomass fuel straightforwardly, it is more reasonable to pack the biomass fuel into briquettes and in this way, enhance its utility and accommodation of utilization. Gasifier converts solid fuel into an additional convenient, to use gaseous form of fuel called producer gas

  • Track 15-1Biomass
  • Track 15-2Biogas
  • Track 15-3 Biodiesel
  • Track 15-4 Biofuels
  • Track 15-5Advanced Biofuels
  • Track 15-6 Biomass Combustion and Co-firing
  • Track 15-7Gasification of Biomass and Waste
  • Track 15-8Energy from Biogas
  • Track 15-9Climate Change Effects of Biomass and Bioenergy Systems
  • Track 15-10Bioenergy Benefits

  Flowing water produces energy that can be taken and turned into electricity. This is called hydropower or hydroelectric power. Hydropower mentions to the conversion of energy from flowing water into electricity. This is considered a renewable source of energy because the water cycle is constantly renewed by the sun. The most common type of hydropower plant uses a dam on a river to store water in the reservoir. Released water from the reservoir flows through a turbine, spinning the turbine, which in turn activates a generator to produce electricity. But hydropower doesn't necessarily require a bulky dam. Some hydropower plants just use a small canal to network the river water through the turbine. Another type of hydropower plant - called “pumped storage plant” - can also store power. The power is sent from a power grid into the electric generators. After that the generators spin the turbines in backward direction, which causes to pump the water from a river or lower reservoir to an upper reservoir, there the power is stored. After that the water is released from the upper reservoir back to the lower reservoir or river and that flow spins the turbines forward, starting the generators to generate electricity. A small or micro-hydroelectric power system can produce enough electricity for a home, farm or ranch.

  • Track 16-1Hydropower Industry
  • Track 16-2Greater Flexibility In Hydropower Operations
  • Track 16-3Hydropower Development Strategy
  • Track 16-4 Key Challenges & Opportunities in Small Hydropower Development
  • Track 16-5Competitiveness Of Hydropower
  • Track 16-6 Hydropower Development in The Climate Change & Environmental Context
  • Track 16-7Analysis Of Current & Future Market Condition Hydropower
  • Track 16-8T he Future of Hydropower Operations
  • Track 16-9Water Framework Directive (WFD) and Applications
  • Track 16-10Technology Innovations in Hydropower Industry

  Green energy is an energy system that serves the requirements of the present-day without compromising the capability of future generations to meet their needs. Technologies promote green energy including green energy sources, such as solar energy, hydroelectricity, wave power, wind energy, bioenergy, geothermal energy, tidal power and similarly technologies designed to progress the energy efficiency. Green energy comprises natural energetic processes which will be controlled with minute pollution. Small-scale hydro-power, geothermic power, wave power, periodic event power, anaerobic digestion, solar power, biomass power, wind power and a few styles of atomic power fits to the green energy. Some explanations may embody power resulting from the combustion of waste. In many countries with electricity marketing arrangements and business concern arrangements make it possible for customers to buy green electricity from a green power supplier. The native utility company, utility or state power pool buys their electricity from electricity producers. World Health Organization(WHO) could also be generating from renewable energy, fuel or nuclear sources.

  • Track 17-1Hydro Green Energy
  • Track 17-2Wind Green Power
  • Track 17-3Biomass Green Power
  • Track 17-4Solar Green Power
  • Track 17-5 Electrical Vehicles, Grid to Vehicle (G2V) and Vehicle to Grid (V2G)
  • Track 17-6Large-scale Integration of Distributed Energy Resources
  • Track 17-7Waste to Energy
  • Track 17-8Green Economy

  Solar photovoltaic (PV) modules are one kind of device where the electricity gets generated, but there are only one of the many parts in a complete photovoltaic (PV) system. For the generated electricity to be useful in a business or home, a few other technologies must be in place. A photovoltaic system, also known as solar power system or PV system, is a power system designed to stream usable solar power by means of photovoltaics. Solar cells translate sunlight directly into electricity. After sunlight is absorbed by these materials, the solar energy hits electrons loose from their atoms, letting the electrons to move through the material to produce electricity. Thin film solar cells, using layers of semiconductor materials, only a few micro-meters thick. Numerous connected PV arrays can afford enough power for a household; for industrial applications, or large electric utility hundreds of arrays can be interconnected to form a single, large PV system.

  • Track 18-1Modern system
  • Track 18-2CPV System
  • Track 18-3Floating Solar Arrays
  • Track 18-4Direct Current Grid
  • Track 18-5Standalone Photovoltaic System
  • Track 18-6Advancement of Photovoltaic System
  • Track 18-7Modern Photovoltaics
  • Track 18-8Grid-Connected Photovoltaic System
  • Track 18-9Types of Photovoltaic Technology
  • Track 18-10Direct-Coupled PV System
  • Track 18-11Photovoltaic Hybrid System

  Rapid reduction of fossil fuels and increasing environmental concerns make energy one of the extreme challenges facing civilization in the 21st century. The Clean Energy Materials Thrust is focused on the design and progress of high performance materials for alternative energy technologies and developing an important understanding of their structure-property-performance relationships. Thrust includes materials for fuel cells, supercapacitors, lithium ion batteries, solar energy conversion, photovoltaics, hydrogen production and storage, and thermoelectric. Growing energy needs of the country require improved efforts on developing materials and technologies which focuses on energy generation, energy harvesting, energy conversion and energy storage. Currently energy materials personify wide selection of novel and advanced materials for the generation and storage of electric power. Energy Materials includes fuel cells, batteries, photovoltaics, thermo-electrics, super-capacitors, hydrogen technologies, photo-catalysis, solar power technologies, magnetic refrigeration and piezoelectric materials. Energy generation, distribution and management are the quickest evolving industries of recent times. The demand to develop parts and sub-assemblies for novel product across the energy sector is increasing. 

  • Track 19-1Photovoltaics
  • Track 19-2 Energy Storage
  • Track 19-3Hydrogen Storage
  • Track 19-4Piezoelectronics
  • Track 19-5Solar Fuels and Thermosolar Power
  • Track 19-6Thermoelectric Materiels
  • Track 19-7Batteries and Supercapacitor Materials

Electromagnetism is a subdivision of physics which deals with magnetism and electricity and the interface between them. It was first discovered in the 19th century and has wide application in today's world of physics. Electromagnetism is mainly the science of electromagnetic fields. An electromagnetic field is the field formed by objects that are charged electrically, Infrared waves, Radio waves, Ultraviolet waves and x-rays are all electromagnetic fields in a certain range of frequency. Electricity is formed by the changing of magnetic field. The sensation is also called "electromagnetic induction." Similarly the magnetic field is created by the motion of electric charges.

  • Track 20-1Electromagnetic Energy
  • Track 20-2Positive Electricity Manipulation
  • Track 20-3Electromagnetic Induction- Generators
  • Track 20-4Electroencephalography
  • Track 20-5Electromagnetic theory
  • Track 20-6Electrical Telekinesis
  • Track 20-7Electricity Manipulation
  • Track 20-8Electrolysis

  Clean energy means energy derived from renewable, zero-emissions sources, as well as energy saved through energy efficiency measures. Clean energy generates electricity from sustainable sources like solar, wind and geothermal power with no pollution or little or global warming emissions. These are renewable energy with nearly zero pollution. Most of our electrical energy comes from power stations that use fossil fuels like oil and coal. The power stations burn the fossil fuels to produce electricity and produces greenhouse gas, including methane and carbon dioxide. Therefore, they are the dirty sources of energy. The greenhouse gases are causing the Earth's atmosphere to warm, which will cause the climate to change. Clean energy sources can be used to produce electricity with less environmental impacts. This is possible to make electricity from a clean energy or renewable energy sources without producing carbon dioxide (CO2), the principal cause of global climate change. The air and water pollution produced by natural gas and coal plants is linked to breathing problems, neurological damage, heart attacks, and cancer. So, generating electricity from renewable energy rather than fossil fuels offers significant public health benefits. 

  • Track 21-1Photovoltaic Hybrid System
  • Track 21-2 Distributed Solar Energy
  • Track 21-3Solar Roofs Bill
  • Track 21-4Hydroelectricity
  • Track 21-5Developing Countries
  • Track 21-6Environmental Impact
  • Track 21-7Emerging Technologies

Nuclear energy stays in the nucleus of an atom. Nuclear reactions include changes in an atom’s nucleus and therefore causes a change in the atom itself. Usually chemical reaction forms molecules. Nuclear reactions outcome in the transmutation of one element into a dissimilar isotope or a different component altogether. Presently the nuclear energy providing a significant amount of the world's electricity. Radioisotopes and radiation have many applications in research, medicine, industry and agriculture. Gradually they are improving the quality of our lives. There is enormous energy in the bond that holds an atom. Nuclear energy can be used to produce electricity. But initial the energy must be released. There are two ways that the energy can be released, one is nuclear fission and other one is nuclear fusion. In nuclear fission, atoms are divided to form smaller atoms, discharging energy. Nuclear power plants use nuclear fission to produce current. 

  • Track 22-1Nuclear Fusion Power
  • Track 22-2Nuclear Waste Management
  • Track 22-3Nuclear Decommissioning
  • Track 22-4Comparison with Renewable Energy
  • Track 22-5Nuclear Proliferation
  • Track 22-6Accidents, Attacks and Safety
  • Track 22-7 Life Cycle of Nuclear Fuel
  • Track 22-8 Innovations and Advances in Nuclear Technologies
  • Track 22-9Safety and Reliability Aspects of Nuclear Energy
  • Track 22-10Nuclear Power Plants